Traditionally Bukhori (Judeo-Tajik), Tajik, Russian, Hebrew (Israel), English (USA, Canada, UK, and Australia), and German (Austria and Germany) spoken in addition and to a lesser extent, Uzbek for those who remain in Uzbekistan.) are Jews from Central Asia who historically spoke Bukhori, a dialect of the Tajik-Persian language.Their name comes from the former Central Asian Emirate of Bukhara, which once had a sizable Jewish community.Bukharan Jews used the Persian language to communicate among themselves and later developed Bukhori, a distinct dialect of the Tajiki-Persian language with certain linguistic traces of Hebrew.This language provided easier communication with their neighboring communities and was used for all cultural and educational life among the Jews. He attended American schools, wears chic professional clothes, sips coffee at Starbucks, and speaks perfect English, with little indication that until 1991 he lived in Uzbekistan.
The term Bukharan was coined by European travelers who visited Central Asia around the 16th century.
Since most of the Jewish community at the time lived under the Emirate of Bukhara, they came to be known as Bukharan Jews.
The name by which the community called itself is "Isro'il" (Israelites).
A major demographic event of the 1970s was large-scale Bukharan Jewish emigration from the USSR (see below). It is probable therefore that the pilgrims called Parthians were those who spoke the Parthian language as their native tongue, which means that they had to have been settled in a Parthian-speaking area for several generations.
Calculations based on the Soviet census of 1979 (, pp. 99), when Babylon, with its large Jewish population, was absorbed into the empire, and it can be suggested that at the same period they reached parts of Central Asia that also belonged to the empire. 691, 802) that Jews dwelled “in all the provinces” (3:6, 8; 8:5, 12; ) of the kingdom of Persia, Parthia (covering approximately the territory of the southwestern part of the Turkmen Soviet republic and the northern part of the modern Iranian province of Khorasan), the hereditary domain of the Arsacid dynasty, would certainly have been included among them. Gamlīʾēl the Elder, an early 1st-century president of the Sanhedrin (the supreme religious Jewish legislative body, based in Jerusalem), is said to have addressed a letter “to our brethren, sons of the exile in Babylon and our brethren that [dwell] in Media, and to the rest of the exile of Israel” (Babylonian Talmud, “Sanhedrīn,” 11b). 126), Āq-Masjed (Perovsk, Kzyl-Orda; Dobrosmyslov, 1912a, p.